UNESCO World Heritage Properties in Ghana. The major designated world heritage monuments or sites in Ghana are the Forts and Castles along the coast of Ghana from Beyin in the Western Region to Keta in the Volta Region, including those in ruins, and the ten remaining Asante Traditional Buildings in and around Kumasi, in the Ashanti Region.
The forts and castles built by the European traders which served as fortified trading-posts and later slave forts were erected between 1482 and 1786, and still standing along the coast of Ghana between Keta and Beyin. Most of them were the trade routes established by the Portuguese and part of their world network during their era of great maritime exploration. The relevance of these moments to the world history cannot be underplayed as they serve as the relics of the infamous slave trade that forms a critical integral part of African History on one side and the American and European on the other as it regards the slave trade. They also represent a feature of the first West African contact with Europe and other continents as the buildings define the introduction of European architecture in Africa.
The Asante Traditional Buildings located in Kumasi are the only physical remains of the great Asante civilization which reached its peak the 18th century. The dwellings are made of earth, wood and straw, need to be consciously protected against the onslaught of time and weather if they have to be preserved for history. These monuments are significant because they represent Asante traditional architectural culture which was part of a civilization to reckon with in the 18th century in Africa. A preservation of such a history is worth its salt not for Ghana but also for people of African descent all over the world and the international community at large.
THE FOLLOWING SITES ARE ON THE TENTATIVE LIST OF UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE PROPERTIES
Mole National Park Northern Region
Tenzug- Tallensi settlements Upper East Region
Kakum National Park Central Region
Navrongo Catholic Cathedral (Upper East)
Nzulezu Stilt Settlement Western Region
Larabanga Mosque Pilgrimage- Routs of North- West Ghana. ( Northern Region)